Energy consumption decreases strongly in 2011

Energy consumption decreases strongly in 2011

Energy consumption decreases strongly in 2011

Oil achie­ves his­to­ri­cal lowpoint/Photovoltaics ahead of hydropower/Energy mix chan­ged

Berlin/Cologne (20 Decem­ber 2011) — Ener­gy con­sump­ti­on in Ger­ma­ny 2011 cle­ar­ly drop and it will reach an amount of 13,411 Peta­joule (PJ). After pro­vi­sio­nal cal­cu­la­ti­ons by Arbeits­ge­mein­schaft Ener­gie­bi­lan­zen (AG Ener­gie­bi­lan­zen), the decrease is esti­ma­ted at just 5 per­cent. The major influence on con­sump­ti­on trends last year was the mild wea­ther, cle­ar­ly redu­cing the need for hea­ting. Ano­ther major fac­tor in 2011 was the high pri­ce for ener­gy. A fur­ther sta­tis­ti­cal effect results from the pha­sin­gout of nuclear ener­gy and the deve­lo­p­ment of power gene­ra­ti­on from rene­wa­ble ener­gies and also of power plants with hig­her effi­ci­en- cy. Cor­rec­ted for the effect of wea­ther, ener­gy con­sump­ti­on in 2011 decreased by only one per­cent. Gross power gene­ra­ti­on is esti­ma­ted to have drop­ped by just 3 per­cent.

Mine­ral oil con­sump­ti­on amoun­ted last year to 4,549 PJ, ther­eby drop­ping to its lowest level sin­ce 1990. Com­pared with the pre­vious year, con­sump­ti­on drop­ped by 3 per­cent. Increa­ses occur­red only for die­sel, with sales up by 2 per­cent becau­se of the eco­no­mic situa­ti­on. Petrol and kero­se­ne, on the con­tra­ry, were slight­ly in the red. Demand for hea­ting fuel fell shar­ply. Sales of light hea­ting oil were 15 per­cent lower than the pre­vious year and hea­vy hea­ting oil decreased by 3 per­cent. In addi­ti­on to the mild wea­ther, pri­ces were also espe­ci­al­ly com­pe­ti­ti­ve during the cour­se of the year becau­se of con­su­mers wai­ting to purcha­se.

Natu­ral gas con­sump­ti­on in 2011 remain­ed a good 10 per­cent lower than the pre­vious year and rea­ched 2,760 PJ. Even though the eco­no­mic situa­ti­on had a posi­ti­ve impact of the de- liveries of gas, the near­ly con­stant hig­her tem­pe­ra­tures com­pared with the pre­vious year resul­ted in decli­ning deli­veries on the heat mar­ket. The input of natu­ral gas to power plants for elec­tri­ci­ty and heat was sta­ble during the second half year after a clear decrease during the first half of the year; gene­ral­ly it remain­ed lower than the pre­vious year.

Con­sump­ti­on of hard coal in 2011 drop­ped slight­ly by 0.7 per­cent. In total 1,685 PJ were con­su­med. The input of hard coal to power plants, repre­sen­ting more than two thirds of total con­sump­ti­on, decreased by about 2 per­cent. The iron and steel indus­try increased its demand by about 4 per­cent. Deli­veries to the heat mar­ket decli­ned becau­se of the wea­ther.

Con­sump­ti­on of lig­ni­te increased by just 4 per­cent to 1,568 PJ. This increase mir­rored the posi­ti­ve trends of deli­veries to power plants, who take about 90 per­cent of dome­stic lig­ni­te pro­duc­tion. Lig­ni­te pro­ducts also increased.

Nuclear ener­gy redu­ced its con­tri­bu­ti­on to the ener­gy balan­ce, fol­lo­wing the decis­i­on to pha­se-out, by just 23 per­cent in the cour­se of the year.

Rene­wa­ble ener­gies in 2011 increased by 4.1 per­cent. With their con­tri­bu­ti­on of 1,449 PJ, they increased their share to just 11 per­cent. The con­tri­bu­ti­ons of wind (+22 per­cent) and pho­to­vol­taic (+67 per­cent) increased espe­ci­al­ly stron­gly. The use of bio­gas increased by 21 per­cent. On the con­tra­ry, the con­tri­bu­ti­ons of hydro (wit­hout pump sto­rage) drop­ped by 9 per­cent and of bio fuels by 8 per­cent. Pho­to­vol­taic in 2011 con­tri­bu­ted for the first time more to the ener­gy balan­ce than hydro in terms of amount.

The balan­ce exch­an­ges of power with neigh­bor­ing Euro­pean count­ries still show­ed at the end of 2011 a small excess of exports amoun­ting to 5 tera­watt hours (TWh). This trend hides a signi­fi­cant increase of imports of power and at the same time a decrease in exports of power.

The ener­gy poli­cy decis­i­ons adopted in 2010 and 2011 to pro­mo­te rene­wa­ble ener­gies and to pha­se-out nuclear ener­gy are reflec­ted in the pri­ma­ry ener­gy balan­ce of the past year as slight­ly alte­red shares. Howe­ver, the wea­ther and stock levels have also influen­ced the struc­tu­re of pri­ma­ry ener­gy con­sump­ti­on. The main source of ener­gy in 2011 remain­ed oil with 33.8 per­cent. Oil is fol­lo­wed by natu­ral gas, who­se share decreased slight­ly to 20.6 per­cent. Hard coal increased its con­tri­bu­ti­on to the ener­gy mix to 12.6 per­cent and lig­ni­te rea­ched a share of 11.7 per­cent. Nuclear ener­gy drop­ped to 8.8 per­cent. Rene­wa­bles in- creased their con­tri­bu­ti­on to the ener­gy mix to 10.8 per­cent. Other sources of ener­gy and the balan­ce of power exch­an­ges amoun­ted to 1.7 per­cent.

Fol­lo­wing decre­asing ener­gy con­sump­ti­on, ener­gy-rela­ted CO₂ emis­si­ons drop­ped by more than 3 per­cent. Cor­rec­ted for wea­ther, CO₂ emis­si­ons would have increased by about one per­cent.

Energy consumption in Germany 1990 — 2011

in Petajoule (PJ)

Berlin/Cologne — The ener­gy con­sump­ti­on in Ger­ma­ny lists a decli­ning trend sin­ce 1990. The con­sump­ti­on drop­ped to the lowest level in 2009, due the to the eco­no­mic cri­sis, sin­ce the begin­ning of the 1970s. In 2010 the con­sump­ti­on revi­ved with col­der wea­ther within the eco­no­mic upturn. In 2011 the con­sump­ti­on decreased below the level of 2009, as a result of the war­mer wea­ther.

Source: AG Ener­gie­bi­lan­zen

Energy consumption: Lignite and renewables in the black

Progress of the primary energy consumption 2011 in Germany Change in percent — Overall 13,411 PJ

Berlin/Cologne — The ener­gy demand in Ger­ma­ny in 2011 was 5 per­cent below the level of the year befo­re, accor­ding to the cal­cu­la­ti­ons of the ger­man AG Ener­gie­bi­lan­zen. Espe­ci­al­ly natu­ral gas and hea­ting fuel repor­ted decrea­ses. The pro­duc­tion of elec­tri­ci­ty from nuclear ener­gy decrea­ses becau­se of the decis­ii­ons th pha­se out. The deli­veries of lig­ni­te to power sta­ti­ons howe­ver increa­ses. The rene­wa­bles were able to increase their bud­get, due to good wind con­di­ti­ons and the exten­si­ons of pho­to­vol­taics.

Source: AG Ener­gie­bi­lan­zen

Energy mix 2011 with slight movement
Structure of the primary energy consumption in Germany Rates in percent (Previous year in the brackets)

Overall 13,411 PJ

Berlin/Cologne — The decrease in con­sump­ti­on cau­sed by the wea­ther and the pha­se out of nuclear ener­gy in Ger­ma­ny have chan­ged the ener­gy mix in Ger­ma­ny in 2011 slight­ly. The rene­wa­bles con­tri­bu­te in dou­ble figu­res to the ener­gy bud­get. Almost four-fif­ties of the ener­gy demand are cover­ed through fos­sil fuels.

Source: AG Ener­gie­bi­lan­zen

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